Is That An Elephant In Your Garden?

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Advertising, Marketing, Promotion, Public Relations, Publicity and Sales (and elephants).

It's easy to become confused about these terms: advertising, marketing, promotion, public relations and publicity, and sales. 

The terms are often used interchangeably. However, they refer to different -- but similar activities. 

Some basic definitions are provided below. 

A short example is also provided hopefully to help make the terms more clear to the reader.

One Definition of Advertising

Advertising is bringing a product (or service) to the attention of potential and current customers. 
Advertising is focused on one particular product or service. Thus, an advertising plan for one product might be very different than that for another product. 
Advertising is typically done with signs, brochures, commercials, direct mailings or e-mail messages, personal contact, etc.

One Definition of Promotion

Promotion keeps the product in the minds of the customer and helps stimulate demand for the product. 
Promotion involves ongoing advertising and publicity (mention in the press). 
The ongoing activities of advertising, sales and public relations are often considered aspects of promotions.

One Definition of Marketing

Marketing is the wide range of activities involved in making sure that you're continuing to meet the needs of your customers and getting value in return. 
Marketing is usually focused on one product or service. Thus, a marketing plan for one product might be very different than that for another product. 
Marketing activities include "inbound marketing," such as market research to find out, for example, what groups of potential customers exist, what their needs are, which of those needs you can meet, how you should meet them, etc. 
Inbound marketing also includes analyzing the competition, positioning your new product or service (finding your market niche), and pricing your products and services. "
Outbound marketing" includes promoting a product through continued advertising, promotions, public relations and sales.

One Definition of Public Relations

Public Relations includes ongoing activities to ensure the overall company has a strong public image. 
Public Relations activities include helping the public to understand the company and its products. 
Often, public relations are conducted through the media, that is, newspapers, television, magazines, etc. 
As noted above, public relations is often considered as one of the primary activities included in promotions.

One Definition of Publicity

Publicity is mention in the media. 
Organizations usually have little control over the message in the media, at least, not as they do in advertising. 
Regarding publicity, reporters and writers (often) decide what will be said.

One Definition of Sales

Sales involves most or many of the following activities, including cultivating prospective buyers (or leads) in a market segment; conveying the features, advantages and benefits of a product or service to the lead; and closing the sale (or coming to agreement on pricing and services). 
A sales plan for one product might be very different than that for another product.

An Example of the Definitions

The following example may help to make the above five concepts more clear. 

I recently read that the story comes from the Reader's Digest, a quote found in "Promoting Issues and Ideas" by M. Booth and Associates, Inc

(Thanks to Jennifer M. Seher, participant in the online discussion group.)
"... if the circus is coming to town and you paint a sign saying 'Circus Coming to the Fairground Saturday', that's advertising. If you put the sign on the back of an elephant and walk it into town, that's promotion. If the elephant walks through the mayor's flower bed, that's publicity. And if you get the mayor to laugh about it, that's public relations." If the town's citizens go the circus, you show them the many entertainment booths, explain how much fun they'll have spending money at the booths, answer their questions and ultimately, they spend a lot at the circus, that's sales."

Note From Michael Searles

The above article is by Carter McNamara, MBA, PhD and sourced from the following site: Free Management Library - A Complete Integrated Online Library for Non-Profits and For-Profits.

Free Management Library's Marketing  Blog - click here

Click here to read the original published article.

While the above definitions may not be an absolute definition I think each is a simple handy guide to help get your head around the subtle differences of each term, especially if you are a newcomer to Internet Marketing or small business marketing.

Either way, I hope this article can give you some clarity for your own future business marketing.

Oh, and finally. Anybody know where I can hire an elephant for a day?

NOTE: Michael Searles is independent and not affiliated with Free Management Library.